Adapt model when linked database table is modified

AIMMS uses ODBC to connect to database tables. When database table columns are linked to AIMMS identifiers, adding columns to the table may require you to adapt the model. In this article, we’ll show an example of how to adapt for changes in the database table definition.

The basic model and table

../../_images/basicDatabaseTable.PNG

The schema of our database is represented above.

../../_images/basicAimmsModel.PNG

The schema is captured by the AIMMS Database Table as shown above.

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The added column is a derived column

Now let’s add the column regionNM to the database table as a derived column. The database schema then looks as follows:

../../_images/derivedExtensionDatabaseTable.PNG

Note

For the sake of efficiency, AIMMS caches the knowledge of the table structure of the tables it is connected to. When these table structures are changed while AIMMS is still open, the caches need to be updated. The easiest way to do this is to close the project and open it again.

The extended structure is then captured in the AIMMS model as follows:

../../_images/derivedExtensionAimmsModel.PNG

You can adapt the database table lpdata by using the wizard at the mapping and add the added link. When the region data is not used in the model, you can even ignore this step.

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The added column is a key column

This is more interesting. Following our running example, instead of making regionNM a derived column, it’s made a key column as shown in the following schema:

../../_images/KeyExtensionDatabaseTable.PNG

There are two approaches to handling this in the AIMMS model:

Approach 1: the model selects only data of a single region

DatabaseTable db_lpdata {
    DataSource: "data\\lpdata.dsn";
    TableName: "lptable";
    Mapping:  "regionNM" --> s_Regions;
}

The statement below will read all regions.

read from table db_lpdata ; ! this will fill s_Regions

Subsequently, we will select a single region. This can be done via a statement like:

ep_SelectedRegion := first( s_Regions ); ! Just select one region.

This is an alternative to selecting the region via the user interface.

For the selected region, the data mapping becomes:

DatabaseTable db_lpdataID {
    IndexDomain: i_reg;
    DataSource: "data\\lpdata.dsn";
    TableName: "lptable";
    Mapping: {
        "loadport" --> i_lpn,
        "lpsize"   --> p_lpsize1(i_lpn),
        "regionNM" --> i_reg
    }
}

The actual read statement becomes:

Read from table db_lpdataID(ep_SelectedRegion); ! Read in the data for the selected region.

Approach 2: the model aggregates the data over all regions

The data mapping becomes:

DatabaseTable db_lpdataAgg {
    DataSource: "data\\lpdata.dsn";
    TableName: "lptable";
    Mapping: {
        "loadport" --> i_lpn,
        "regionNM" --> i_reg,
        "lpsize2"   --> p_lpsize2(i_lpn,i_reg)
    }
}

And the data is read and aggregated as follows:

read from table db_lpdataAgg ; ! this will fill  p_lpsize2

p_lpsizeAgg(i_lpn) := sum( i_reg, p_lpsize2(i_lpn, i_reg) ); ! Aggregate over all regions.

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Last Updated: June, 2019